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Activity Licence

Licenses and permits to open a hair salon in Alicante

What is a Hair Salon Opening License and Why is it Important?

A hair salon opening license, also known as an activity license, is the technical document required to legally open and operate a hair salon business.

This license regulates the proper functioning of hair salons. It ensures that the applicable regulations are complied with. Its importance lies not only in ensuring the quality of the activity but also in providing the necessary safety for the service they offer.

What license does a hair salon need?

In general, an activity is classified based on its environmental impact.

A hair salon is considered a harmless activity, meaning an activity without environmental impact.

How to Obtain a Hair Salon License?

Getting a Commercial Location

The first step to opening a hair salon business is to choose a suitable location. This is not an easy task. There are various requirements that the regulations will demand. Two are fundamental when identifying a suitable location: accessibility to the premises and the conditions of the restroom.

Additionally, you must consider the necessary amenities. For example, a basic area for storing cosmetic products and other tools required for the development of the activity.

Finally, the walls and floors will need to be easy to clean and disinfect.

Visit the property

Before starting the procedures, a technician must visit the property. They will take note of the current condition of the premises. They will check on-site if it complies with regulations. If it does not, and if compliance is feasible, they will suggest various changes or a possible renovation.

Compatibilidad urbanística

Before starting the actual activity project, urban compatibility must be requested from the City Council. In other words, the City Council must grant permission for a hair salon to be opened in the chosen location.

Technical project

Once the previous permission or urban compatibility has been granted by the City Council, the activity project will be drafted. Its content will depend on the characteristics of the activity and local or regional regulations. Every project must include a descriptive report of the activity. This report describes:

  • The purpose of the activity.
  • The dimensions of the premises.
  • Compliance with regulations.
  • Plans.
  • Etc.

An industrial engineer can sign an activity license

Engineers and technical engineers have the necessary qualifications to draft activity projects.

Local adaptation or renovation

Sometimes, the premises need a renovation, either to comply with the required regulations or due to functionality or the owner’s decision.

In this case, a construction permit will be necessary, which must be accompanied by a technical project. The scope of this project will depend on the type of work being done.

Electrical Installation Certificate

The electrical installations:

  • Must comply with the regulations (Low Voltage Electrotechnical Regulations and its complementary instructions).
  • Must be carried out by an authorized installer.
  • Will always be backed by the certificate from the authorized installer, ensuring the correct application of the regulations.

Municipal Fees

The municipal fees that must be paid to open a hair salon in the city of Alicante are:

  • URBAN PLANNING FEES FOR URBAN COMPATIBILITY: €111.39.
  • URBAN PLANNING FEES FOR ACTIVITY OPENING (up to 100 m²): €201.57.

What documents are needed to open a hair salon?

The necessary documentation is generally similar. However, it depends on the locality where the activity is to be opened. To open an activity in Alicante, for example, you must submit:

  • Responsible Declaration for minor works or authorization for a minor or major works license, if any construction work is to be carried out.
  • Municipal Urban Planning Report.
  • Activity report and other required regulatory documentation.
  • Proof of payment of the fee.
Hair salon license

Requirements for Hair Salon License

Accessibility

The following aspects must be taken into account, among others:

  • Possible access level differences to the premises.
  • Minimum width of hallways.
  • Clear passage of the access door or doors.
  • Auxiliary elements that may obstruct the passage.

Fire Protection

In the event of a potential fire, the hair salon must be equipped with adequate evacuation and protection measures:

  • Define exits and evacuation routes.
  • Fire extinguishers.
  • Emergency lighting.
  • Signage.

Lighting

A proper distribution of lighting must be planned. Whenever possible, fluorescent and incandescent equipment should be used.

Ventilation

Similarly, it will be crucial to maintain adequate ventilation, which may involve implementing forced ventilation.

Sanitary Provision

The following will be available at a minimum:

  • Generally, 2 toilets, one of them adapted for wheelchair access.
  • First aid kit: fixed or portable, properly marked and equipped with sufficient supplies for providing first aid.

How long does it take to obtain a hair salon license

The time depends largely on the speed with which municipalities process opening applications. Once urban compatibility is confirmed and the business opening application is submitted, the hair salon can open.

The estimated time is difficult to determine precisely but typically ranges from a month and a half to two months.

When does a hair salon activity license cost in Alicante?

Considering the services offered, the size of the premises, and whether renovation or construction work is required, the cost varies. The minimum price usually starts around 400 euros.

Consequences of opening a hair salon without a business license

Firstly, it could jeopardize the safety of clients.
Additionally, it may lead to financial fines and closure of the business.

How to know if a business has an activity license?

It is important to ask the property owner selling or renting the premises if they have a valid activity license. Additionally, once they provide the activity license, it is advisable to have a technical professional review it. This ensures that the transfer or assignment is feasible.

Transfer of Ownership of Hairdressing Activity License

When you want to open a hair salon in a location that already has an activity license, the current owner of the license can transfer it or assign it to you. This process is known as the transfer of ownership of the activity license.

In this process, various documents must be submitted to the Town Hall along with the application. For the transfer of ownership of an activity license in Alicante, these documents typically include:

  • Valid license for the operation of the activity.
  • Notarized or private document confirming the transfer.
  • Proof of payment of fees.
  • Photocopy of the ID card, tax identification number (NIF), or other valid identification document of the current license holder.
  • Photocopy of the ID card, tax identification number (NIF), or other valid identification document of the new owner or owners.

This ensures compliance with legal requirements and facilitates the smooth transfer of the business license.

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